Worldwide migration is not a new phenomenon but there are new processes. Similarly in the Netherlands migrant churches are not new but there are new types and the scale of their numbers has increased dramatically over the last twenty years. The social value of migrant churches in Rotterdam was estimated in 2008 at 437,000 euros and in this paper I want to focus upon their identity. This will be done from the position of the insider or actor (anthropologically, the ‘emic’ approach) and of the outsider or observer (the ‘etic’ approach).

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